an update on the "most aircraft in flight in one photo" challenge..
The proposed OSCAR (Optimum Survival Containment And Recovery) emergency escape capsule, developed by by Chance Vought and initially modeled around the actual cockpit section of a Vought F8U Crusader.
Art via the Secret Projects Forum. A low-res article - including photos of the mockup - can be found here, in the October 1961 edition of the Naval Aviation News. A patent relating to the project can be found here.
“In 1964 the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) designed a hypersonic aircraft capable of flight at five times the speed of sound, nicknamed MUSTARD (Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device).
The project would have created the world’s first reusable ‘space plane’, with the cost of development having been estimated as ‘20 to 30 times cheaper’ than that incurred by the expendable rocket systems in use that eventually put man on the moon in 1969.
The aircraft was formed of three separate crewed, delta-winged sections that are launched as a single unit. Two of those would act as boosters and launch the third into space, and then separate before returning to earth like normal aircraft — followed by the third, once its intended mission was complete.” (via)
“The Fighter Jet Take-Off Platform was a concept platform that would rise vertically from the ground, and allow an aircraft to take-off from its back — allowing planes to operate from small airstrips or narrow forest clearings.
English Electric developed the P17A jet to fulfill the purpose of a tactical strike and reconnaissance jet, and rather than attaching a heavy vertical take-off and landing system to the aircraft, they collaborated with Shorts, who created the P17D — a platform that would stay steady above the ground and allow the P17A to take-off from its surface.
With no less than 56 jet engines, the P17D gave the P17A the desired effect of being able to take off from tight spaces. On its own, the P17D would also have been able to fill the role of a VTOL freight transport, able to deliver equipment and supplies to less-accessible locations…” (via)
“The ‘Jumping Jeep’ was a concept reconnaissance vehicle capable of leaping over obstacles - a 4x4 transporter flanked by 12 vertical lift fans, whose angle could be adjusted dependant on the situation - allowing the jeep to overcome enemy barriers.
Developed by BAC Warton at the request of the British army in the 1960s, the design was an attempt to adapt vertical take-off and landing technology to vehicles and was developed with the Ministry of Defence’s Fighting Vehicle Research and Development Establishment.
The project was cancelled in the mid-1960s, due to assessments that production of the design would be too expensive” (via)
"The Intercity Vertical-Lift Aircraft design from the Hawker Siddeley company was an attempt to bring vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) to commercial aircraft, to allow airlines to put airports amongst densely-populated cities, open up more direct travel for passengers and to cut down on the amount of space required for airport runways.
A number of designs were drawn up over the 1960s, looking very similar to our passenger planes today; however featuring rows of lift fans on either side of the body of the plane.
The project was eventually dropped after it was decided that together with the cost of fuel required to fly the aircraft and the extra load from the frames housing the lift fans, combined with the weight of passengers, could lead to instability in flight…” (via)
"The Lockheed YF-12A was undoubtedly the most advanced interceptor ever built by the United States and was capable of Mach 3 at altitudes exceeding 80,000 feet. The aircraft was equipped with a longrange radar and three Hughes AIM-47 Falcon missiles with nuclear warheads. Weapons systems tests proved remarkably successful, and after the YF-12 program was cancelled, the radar and missiles formed the basis of the system used on the Grumman F-14 Tomcat" (via)
the EWR VJ 101C experimental German jet fighter VTOL tiltjet aircraft, circa 1965
(images via The X-Planes of Europe, Tony Buttler with Jean-Louis Delezenne, Hikoki Publications)
The EWR Wippe (seesaw) test platform, circa 1960. The EWR consortium - consisting of Bölkow, Heinkel and Messerschmitt - was formed in 1959 to build the VJ 101C, an experimental German VTOL tiltjet fighter aircraft.
(image via The X-Planes of Europe, Tony Buttler with Jean-Louis Delezenne, Hikoki Publications)