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Posts tagged with "1890s"

"Those in search of new sensations will be interested in this project of Mr. Carron, of Grenoble. It is an immense cone, designed to carry a cargo of fifteen passengers, and to fall from a lofty tower into a well of water. The tower is 300 yards high, and the swiftness of the descent is more than double that of the most rapid express train; the well is about 60 yards deep. the illustrations show the system of cones and springs, which serve to deaden the shock on striking the water" (via)

“L’avion de Clément Ader, 1890” (via)

L’avion de Clément Ader, 1890” (via)

"View of Carl Myers’ "Balloon Farm,” circa 1892” (via)

"View of Carl Myers’ "Balloon Farm,” circa 1892” (via)

Gustave Trouvé’s “Oiseau mécanique” (via)

"The ornithopter shown here was flown in 1890. Twelve gunpowder charges were fired successively into a bourdon tube to flap the wings, an unusual type of internal combustion engine. The ornithopter flew 70 meters in a demonstration to the French Academy of Sciences.” (via)

Gustave Trouvé’s “Oiseau mécanique” (via)

"The ornithopter shown here was flown in 1890. Twelve gunpowder charges were fired successively into a bourdon tube to flap the wings, an unusual type of internal combustion engine. The ornithopter flew 70 meters in a demonstration to the French Academy of Sciences.” (via)

Feb 4
the Herring glider at Dune Park in 1896 (via)

the Herring glider at Dune Park in 1896 (via)

Aug 7
“The Call’s" Exclusive Account of the Greatest Invention of the Age Is Now Corroborated by Thousands.

For several days there have been persistent reports that a huge airship has been seen in the vicinity of Oakland, Sacramento and San Francisco. The Call has contained daily and exclusive accounts of the appearance, and now there is an avalanche of testimony to the effect that many persons of truthful reputations have seen something like a huge seraph in the air, spreading its electric pinions and soaring faster than a giant condor of the Andes…”

(An edited front page of the San Francisco Call, Volume 80, Number 176, 23 November 1896. via)

The Call’s" Exclusive Account of the Greatest Invention of the Age Is Now Corroborated by Thousands.

For several days there have been persistent reports that a huge airship has been seen in the vicinity of Oakland, Sacramento and San Francisco. The Call has contained daily and exclusive accounts of the appearance, and now there is an avalanche of testimony to the effect that many persons of truthful reputations have seen something like a huge seraph in the air, spreading its electric pinions and soaring faster than a giant condor of the Andes…”

(An edited front page of the San Francisco Call, Volume 80, Number 176, 23 November 1896. via)

sunday fantasy #378: The Boys’ Star Library, 1891 (via)

sunday fantasy #378: The Boys’ Star Library, 1891 (via)

from the San Francisco Call, Volume 72, Number 131, 9 October 1892 (via)

from the San Francisco Call, Volume 72, Number 131, 9 October 1892 (via)

Jan 4
The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897

The final journal entry of S A Andrée:
“…the middle of the night…shadows on the glacier…the flaming
outside…not of innocent white doves…carrion birds…bad weather, we fear…to
escape…out to sea…crash…grating…driftwood…”
The three stranded explorers spent over two months on the pack ice, arriving on Kvitøya (White Island) in the first week of October. This was to be their final destination. Their makeshift camp was discovered by a Norwegian expedition in 1930, and the remains of all three explorers - along with their journals and photographic film - were recovered. 
(Extract via, photo via)

The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897

The final journal entry of S A Andrée:

“…the middle of the night…shadows on the glacier…the flaming outside…not of innocent white doves…carrion birds…bad weather, we fear…to escape…out to sea…crash…grating…driftwood…”
The three stranded explorers spent over two months on the pack ice, arriving on Kvitøya (White Island) in the first week of October. This was to be their final destination. Their makeshift camp was discovered by a Norwegian expedition in 1930, and the remains of all three explorers - along with their journals and photographic film - were recovered.

(Extract via, photo via)
Jan 4
The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897

From the journal of S A Andrée:

“Fog still intense. Everything is dripping. We have not had any sleep or been permitted any rest from the repeated slamming against the ice. We probably cannot stand it much longer.

The balloon sways, twists, and rises and sinks incessantly. It wishes to be off but cannot. The rattling of the guidelines and the flapping of the sales are the only sounds heard. No bird is seen or heard and so I suppose there is no land near.

Monotonous touch new touch another touch… The balloon rose to a great height but we opened both valves and at six-twenty-nine we were down again.

We jumped out of the balloon. Worn out and famished but determined to set out from the point where we now are. On foot.”

After 65 hours in the air, the Örnen finally succumbed to heavy winds and ice, and was brought down on pack ice, almost 300 miles from where they started from. The explorers camped here for a week, and then had to make a decision in which direction to set off on foot to find supplies: South back to Spitsbergen, or East to Franz Josef Land..
(Extract via, photo via)

The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole, 1897

From the journal of S A Andrée:

“Fog still intense. Everything is dripping. We have not had any sleep or been permitted any rest from the repeated slamming against the ice. We probably cannot stand it much longer.

The balloon sways, twists, and rises and sinks incessantly. It wishes to be off but cannot. The rattling of the guidelines and the flapping of the sales are the only sounds heard. No bird is seen or heard and so I suppose there is no land near.

Monotonous touch new touch another touch… The balloon rose to a great height but we opened both valves and at six-twenty-nine we were down again.

We jumped out of the balloon. Worn out and famished but determined to set out from the point where we now are. On foot.”
After 65 hours in the air, the Örnen finally succumbed to heavy winds and ice, and was brought down on pack ice, almost 300 miles from where they started from. The explorers camped here for a week, and then had to make a decision in which direction to set off on foot to find supplies: South back to Spitsbergen, or East to Franz Josef Land..

(Extract via, photo via)
Jan 4
The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole

From the journal of S A Andree:

“It is not a little strange to be floating here, floating here above the Polar Sea. To be the first that have floated here, floated here in a balloon. I cannot deny that all three of us are dominated by a feeling of pride. We think we can well face death, having done what we have done.

Isn’t it all, perhaps, the expression of an extremely strong sense of individuality which cannot bear the thought of living and dying like a man in the ranks, forgotten by coming generations? Is this ambition?

Dispatch, July eleven, eighteen-ninety-seven. Four carrier pigeons sent off. We are now in over the ice which is much divided in every direction.
Weather magnificent. Best of humour. ANDRÉE.STRINDBERG.FRÆNKEL.”

The balloon contained 36 homing pigeons. Only one ever made it back to civilisation (info here and here - two of the best articles to be found on-line)
(Extract via, photo via)

The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole

From the journal of S A Andree:

“It is not a little strange to be floating here, floating here above the Polar Sea. To be the first that have floated here, floated here in a balloon. I cannot deny that all three of us are dominated by a feeling of pride. We think we can well face death, having done what we have done.

Isn’t it all, perhaps, the expression of an extremely strong sense of individuality which cannot bear the thought of living and dying like a man in the ranks, forgotten by coming generations? Is this ambition?

Dispatch, July eleven, eighteen-ninety-seven. Four carrier pigeons sent off. We are now in over the ice which is much divided in every direction. Weather magnificent. Best of humour. ANDRÉE.STRINDBERG.FRÆNKEL.”
The balloon contained 36 homing pigeons. Only one ever made it back to civilisation (info here and here - two of the best articles to be found on-line)

(Extract via, photo via)
Jan 4
The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole

From the journal of Nils Strinberg. A letter to his fiancée, describing the launch of the balloon:

"Dearest Anna,

It was grand when at last it was determined that we should start. Andrée asked us: ‘Well, shall we try it or not?’ Frænkel at first answered evasively, but then said we should. I answered ‘I think we ought to try it.’ Andrée was serious and said nothing.

Now my thoughts turn to you and to my parents and friends at home. How would the journey succeed? And how fast my thoughts came!

‘Cut away everywhere!’ comes Andrée’s voice. Three knives cut the three lines and the balloon rises amid the cheers of those below. A peculiar sensation, wonderful, indescribable! We still hear the hurrahs at a distance. And then: silent and still.

At seven o’clock mists begin. Andrée goes to his berth to rest. A black bird circles a moment in the distance then disappears in the fog. The sun has gone. Good night!”

The Örnen was fitted with three drag-ropes, that Andrée hoped would act as a form of rudder when they came in contact with the ground below. These were lost shortly after the balloon ascended…

(Extract via, photo via)

The Andrée Expedition to the North Pole

From the journal of Nils Strinberg. A letter to his fiancée, describing the launch of the balloon:

"Dearest Anna,

It was grand when at last it was determined that we should start. Andrée asked us: ‘Well, shall we try it or not?’ Frænkel at first answered evasively, but then said we should. I answered ‘I think we ought to try it.’ Andrée was serious and said nothing.

Now my thoughts turn to you and to my parents and friends at home. How would the journey succeed? And how fast my thoughts came!

‘Cut away everywhere!’ comes Andrée’s voice. Three knives cut the three lines and the balloon rises amid the cheers of those below. A peculiar sensation, wonderful, indescribable! We still hear the hurrahs at a distance. And then: silent and still.

At seven o’clock mists begin. Andrée goes to his berth to rest. A black bird circles a moment in the distance then disappears in the fog. The sun has gone. Good night!”

The Örnen was fitted with three drag-ropes, that Andrée hoped would act as a form of rudder when they came in contact with the ground below. These were lost shortly after the balloon ascended…

(Extract via, photo via)
"Phillips Flying Machine of 1893" (via theaerodrome)

"Phillips Flying Machine of 1893" (via theaerodrome)

"Title: Lower part of a large captive balloon moored to a launching platform showing network of ropes and balloon basket with about 10 occupants
Creator(s): Tilly, E. A., artist
Date Created/Published: [between 1880 and 1890]
Medium: 1 print : wood engraving.”

"Title: Lower part of a large captive balloon moored to a launching platform showing network of ropes and balloon basket with about 10 occupants
Creator(s): Tilly, E. A., artist
Date Created/Published: [between 1880 and 1890]
Medium: 1 print : wood engraving.”